APP is committed to protecting biological diversity, particularly with regards to native plant species, Sumatran tigers, elephants, orangutans, birds and other animals.
About Conservation in Indonesia
According to the Government of Indonesia’s spatial planning process, the total land base allocated for pulpwood plantation development totals 3.5 million hectares out of some 110 million hectares of total forestland in the country. This figure includes over 50 million hectares of conservation and protected forests and 60 million hectares of production forests, with 56.5 million of this area under concession to producers of solid wood and wood-composite products, not pulp and paper.
The 3.5 million hectares of land selected for pulpwood plantation development was identified by the government as being the lowest-value forested areas in the country. Nonetheless, the government requires pulpwood plantation developers to conduct extensive, multiple, independent environmental assessments (these include Environmental Impact, and Macro and Micro Delineation assessments) to ensure that any areas of high conservation value forest that may exist within this lowest-value forest are identified and protected. APP’s fibre suppliers must adhere rigorously to the letter and spirit of this requirement, setting aside from production around 40% of their concessions. As of the end of January 2013, no supplier is allowed to cut any natural forest at all while thorough HVC and HCS assessments are undertaken independently in accordance to APP's Forest Conservation Policy.
About APP's Flagship Conservation Programs
APP and its fibre suppliers have implemented several Conservation Flagship Programs to protect and manage areas of significant and representative biological diversity and/or cultural significance for the benefit of the people of Indonesia.
The Giam Siak Kecil Reserve: APP has funded and initiated a collaboration partnership with the Man and Biosphere (MAB) - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry, and the Local Government of Riau Province to create a biosphere reserve in the Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu landscape. Located in the administrative Regencies of Bengkalis and Siak in Riau Province, central Sumatra, the GSK BR lies about 120 km north of Equator, or roughly 200 km (108 nautical miles) west of Singapore. A Biosphere Reserve is a UNESCO concept for a landscape-level approach to conservation covering 705,271 hectares, which consist of a 178,722-Ha Core Area (25%), 222,426-Ha Buffer Zone (32%), and a 304,123-Ha Transition Area (43%) of sustainable use. APP and its fibre suppliers contributed more than 70,000 hectares from licensed production forest area in Riau to this collaboration, which is believed to be one of Indonesia’s first public/private partnerships for the protection of such a unique and vital natural resource. Under the Biosphere Reserve concept, GSK has three main functions which are: Landscape for ecosystem and genetic conservation, Resource for sustainable economic and human development, and Natural laboratory for research, training and education. In 2008 this concept was accepted and approved by the National Committee of Man and Biosphere Program for Indonesia. In February 2009, the International Advisory Committee of Man and The Biosphere Program, UNESCO Paris has recommended this site to be approved as a biosphere reserve by International Coordinating Council (ICC) of the Man and Biosphere Programme. In August 2013 the GSK BR Vision 2020 – Roadmap to Sustainable Co-Management was launched. The roadmap can be accessed here.
The 10,000 hectare Taman Raja Nature Preserve: Taman Raja is a forest concession consisting of more than 16,400 hectares in Jambi province, Sumatra. On evaluation, the concession was seen to have 6,800 hectares inhabited by several local communities and 6,000 hectares of natural forest rich in vital biodiversity and social value. APP's fibre suppliers, in conjunction with local NGOs and community leaders, established the Reserve in 2007 in order to preserve this valuable land.
The 106,000 hectare Senepis Sumatran Tiger Sanctuary: The Sumatran tiger is one of five remaining tiger species, and, with an estimated population of 500, is listed on the IUCN critically endangered list. By setting aside 106,000 hectares of production forest as a Tiger sanctuary, APP's fiber suppliers and other concession holders are making a vital contribution to the survival of the species. The sanctuary will prevent further encroachment on the tiger’s natural habitat, which will allow for growth and development of the area, thus attracting the prey species upon which the tigers feed. The establishment of a tiger sanctuary within production forests is a pioneering initiative.
The Kutai Orangutan Program: The Kutai National Park in East Kalimantan is one of the last remaining strong holds of the Bornean Orangutan. The park suffered extensive damage during the 1997 El Nino fires that swept through Kalimantan. In 2007, APP and its fiber supplier Surya Hutani Jaya initiated an investigation into options that would ensure the survival of the orangutan, but also provide for the economic viability of the plantation. APP's fiber suppliers, Kutai National Park officials, civil society groups and relevant government and NGOs formed a working group to discuss problems and solutions on how the park and its surrounding areas could be managed and improved to support a viable orangutan population.